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我之缺点别人没,我之优点别人有。四舍五入认俩字,俺这脑袋会干啥,里边装着思想家。 已创作微奇小说550、上传手机摄影10000张。

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【转载】有关许三本的来历  

2017-03-31 13:31:44|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自愚翁《有关许三本的来历》

   有关许三本的来历

明朝有个许作梅(1612---1668)字景说,号博岩。崇祯九年中举,崇祯十三年中进士。他入朝作官后,起初任御史,承担为皇帝递圣旨保管册封及文书档案。崇祯十五年他奉命到江浙主管乡试,为皇帝推荐了许多俊才,甚受皇帝称赞。崇祯十七年三月二十二日李自成攻陷北京,崇祯吊死煤山,许作梅冒风险将其尸体运抵昌平与田妃合葬,并用两块砖刻上“大明崇祯梓官”被人们称为“胆大包身的明大英豪”。

自北京返乡后他隐居于苏门百泉。一六四五年奉顺治帝召入清宫做官,先后任史科、兵科、给事中等,掌管印信,服务内廷,备为顾问,讨论政事。后又升为太仆寺少卿。他和在朝中小冀的张兵部、梁都堂和定国村的郭尚书等为新乡的六大京官。在朝中许作梅为官多年,刚正不阿,秉公执法,关键时敢于挺身而出维护朝纲。为检举贪污受贿案他先后上书五十余次,次次皆得“御笔落朱”,满朝文武对他无不刮目相看。

一次,他在皇上面前大胆揭发了兵部尚书王永吉,刑部侍郎翁鼎业狼狈为奸,借救灾之                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           机,假公济私中饱私囊的罪行,受到了应有的惩罚。百姓称“救万民不死许大人也”。

清初,他还自荐治理封丘荆隆口水患。当时他还连连上本,拨下库银二十四万两赈济灾民,动员民众治理水患,利用疏塞结合堵住决口疏通了运河。

有一次,许作梅上朝在第一本奏了《水患疏》第二本奏了《遗民疏》后,在院内沉思徘徊,。忽然听背后有人讥讽说:“许大人今天可再无本可奏了。”许作梅扭头一看竟是一个作恶多端,人人憎恨的老太监。只见他“衣帽不整,绦带外露”,当时就怒不可遏地大声喝到:“我今天不奏别人单奏你‘面君不洗尘’(清廷规定太监上朝面君必须洗礼更衣)”。言罢,随手牵衣挽袖将其拖至殿上。康熙皇帝感到许作梅事无巨细能振朝纲,就特赦他一天可奏三本。自那以后朝中上下皆称他为“许三本”。

对许三本这个称谓,有褒也有贬。还有一种说法是:许作梅初任太仆寺少卿受理管理马匹事宜。在任上他发现太仆寺正卿原先指示手下,将购进的隔年发了霉的饲料充上等料记帐,省下的钱全饱了私囊。但这个三品大员却和西宫娘娘沾有亲戚。许作梅想了个法子上奏朝廷。一天早朝时他奏了一本,奏章上只写一句话“不知何故马匹越来越瘦”。皇帝看了奏章不悦道 :“你许作梅管养马匹,马瘦了还不知道原因要你何用?”许作梅连忙下跪。皇帝接着又问:“你问我何故,我怎会知道?下殿去吧,查明原因再上殿奏本不迟。”午饭时西宫娘娘打听许作梅奏本的事,皇帝说:“许作梅真胡闹,自己弄不清来问朕,要这样无能的官何用?”听到这娘娘一惊,知这事是她的远房侄所为,还给她送过礼哩。这时太监又传许作梅紧急要奏本。皇上满肚子不高兴不想见他。这时娘娘想弄清楚许作梅的底细,劝皇上道:“许作梅一心为皇上办事,让他进宫奏本吧。”许作梅被召进宫递上奏本。皇帝一看还只是一句“饲料全是霉烂的”。满腔不耐烦的问道:“马料咋会烂?马吃好料还是坏料?饲料咋保管的?”连问了三句,许作梅连答了三个“不知道”,一问三不知。皇上随即将奏章扔给许作梅说:“不把事情查明,再写这没头没脑的奏章就是欺君,就拿你是问!”许作梅说:“臣怕皇上忙不敢多写。”皇上说:“胡说,分明是你不尽职尽责。”皇帝说罢起来便走了。娘娘见皇上怒气冲冲回来,便问:“许作梅奏了什么本让你生气?”皇帝说:“他啥也说不清一问三不知,真无用,我看许作梅这官不能让他当了。”娘娘暗想:许作梅越无用越好。便上前劝皇上消消气,她是越劝越火皇上就要传旨罢许作梅的官,弄的娘娘没法,就撒起娇来,皇上还是不答应。娘娘干脆胡诌说许作梅是她亲戚,这一招还真灵,皇上答应不再撤许作梅的职了。

随后娘娘陪皇上去跳舞,太监又传许作梅有急本要奏,皇上把手说不见,这时许作梅已闯入,一头便跪到地上。皇上再也按不住满肚子的火啦,说:“你许作梅官不大胆子不小一天能奏三本。”这话是对许作梅的挖苦不满和斥责,可许作梅不管那些,连忙磕头三呼万岁说:“皇上封臣一天能奏三本,谢主隆恩!”皇上一怔道:谁封你一天能奏三本啦?但他是金口玉言,无法辩白就默认了。气的皇帝不看奏章立起来就想走,娘娘想弄清奏章内容,就对皇上说:“许作梅连连奏本是忠心。”许作梅见娘娘替自己说话,就说:“皇上封我一天能奏三本,才奏过两本这第三本不能不看,再说我遵照圣意已将事情查明,不敢不及时面奏皇上。”皇帝无奈,接了许作梅的奏章。奏章上将太仆寺正卿怎样以次充好贪污大批银两的事写的一清二楚。皇帝看了奏章,又想许作梅是娘娘的“亲戚”就准了奏章,查办了太仆寺正卿了事,让娘娘也吃了个哑巴亏。

 

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